My article in the State Press.

My column in the State Press.

My article in today’s State Press.

An email I sent regarding a pending policy initiative.

To All My Senators,

This morning I received an email about HCSAC’s push to make ASU a smoke and tobacco free campus. I had attended the hearing a few weeks ago where there was a lively discussion about this initiative where many points were brought up by both sides. I was discouraged upon seeing the email that the objections had been addressed without any mention of the many responses that were given, by myself and others, when HCSAC brought up these same points in discussion. I am emailing all of you who represent me to give those responses and urge you not to support this program. Below is the original email into which I have inserted my comments.

100% Tobacco Free ASU Policy Will

  1. Create a healthier campus and learning environment for everyone.
  1. Inform students that smoking is not the social norm

I have a serious problem with this. If providing information is a goal, putting up posters that say, “only X% of students smoke” is a more accurate and less expensive way to do so. Banning smoking costs smokers something that they enjoy, and we should avoid doing so unless it is necessary (which it may be, as I address later, but clearly this is not a relevant reason). Students have the right to make their own decisions given the information they acquire; information is the game for advocacy groups, not government.

  1. Give students more control in there day to day lives by limiting the control of addiction.

It seemed to be the position of HCSAC that if a person is smoking, they are clearly addicted and want to stop, based on the number of times I had to repeat the opposite. Many students enjoy smoking, and passing rules which limit their activities certainly does not give them more control, but less. Again, if the goal is to help students quit if they want to, more advertising about the resources can do so without imposing costs on other students.

  1. Encourage and help students and faculty to take advantage of on campus smoking resources.

I go back to my previous point about advertising. How banning smoking would help take advantage of resources, which is based only on whether someone wants help or not, is beyond me.

  1. Position ASU as a leader in the state’s fight against tobacco addiction.

Statements like this do not have a place in this debate. Obviously, we could enact policies to make ASU a leader in hiring teachers without Ph.D.s or discriminating in our admissions, but these are not desirable. We must look at whether the policy leads to good or bad outcomes, not about our esteem.

Top Three Concerns

1. Smoking is a right.

  • Smoking is choice which is not guaranteed by the constitution.
  • Further, smoking is not a natural or moral right. We can exercise rights and freedoms insofar as they do not infringe upon the health, safety and rights of others. Smoking obviously does infringe on the rights of others because second hand smoke is deadly.
  • Tobacco is the cause of over 400,000 deaths annually, 50,000 of which are due to second hand smoke.  To put this in perspective, in its prime, DUI caused about 30,000 deaths annually and today that number is less than 15,000. DUI law limits where and when we can drink, yet is far less deadly than tobacco. As deadly as tobacco use is, it should most definitely be limited as well.

In the hearing, none of the opponents to smoke free ASU argued that smoking was a right. We argued simply that the “life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness” gives people the right to choose for themselves, unless it harms others (as is granted and discussed below).

Of all the points which are brought up in this email, this is the only one which provides a basis for action by government. I agree that secondhand smoke does infringe the rights of others, although it is hard to say exactly how much danger it poses to a student walking through campus. Given, though, that it does impose some cost, I am in favor of action to prevent smokers from imposing that cost on others, as I discuss in the smoke-zones section.

There are many things, from fatty foods to snowboarding, which increase risk of death for those who partake in them. Tobacco may carry an especially high risk (although, if you ask my friends who smoke, it also carries especially high pleasure), but that does not change the fact that a person is free to engage in any behavior for which he or she bears the costs- he or she decides what is worth it, not the government. DUI is different- deaths from DUI are not solely, and even not mostly in many places, the people who chose to drink and drive. Many are killed who were not part of that choice, which justifies government action, as does secondhand smoke in this case.

2. Why not smoking zones?

  • At universities that have tried both options, they report that completely tobacco free policy is much more enforceable.
  • Smoking zones send an inconsistent health message.
  • Smoking zones result in a misperception of inflated smoking rates among students which gives the impression that smoking is the social norm. This leads to increased smoking rates.
  • Smoking zones increase exposure of smokers to second hand smoke.
  • Smoking zones do not support our goal to create a healthier campus and learning environment.

This is an absolutely unacceptable argument and the main reason why I do not support this initiative in its current form. Smoke-free zones solve the problem of secondhand smoke while allowing students to make their own decisions about smoking. Basically, in refusing to consider smoking zones for this reason, we are saying, “It may be the right thing to do, but it’s too hard, so forget it.” In a moral email filled with points about protecting people from themselves and others this clearly has no place. If smoking zones are the right thing to do (which I believe they are), we should be willing to put up signs and encourage non-smokers to speak up about non-compliance.

Mandating people’s health choices is NOT a proper role of government. An ad campaign about the rates of smoking and its dangers, which already happens on campus, makes the university’s position on smoking perfectly clear without trampling liberty.

Again, this can easily be countered by distributing information about the true rates of smoking, assuming this statement is true. I’m not at all sure that seeing people smoking in a restricted zone would convince me to smoke.

This is true, but a smoker entering that zone knows what it entails and chooses it for him or herself. It is a way to restrict smoking harm only to those who choose to bear it, which means once again they are deciding for themselves.

This is another improper role of government. Taking away liberty simply to say we are progressive is a deplorably selfish encroachment into other people’s lives.

3. If the current 25’ policy is not enforced, how can we expect a 100% tobacco free policy to be enforced?

  • A 25’ rule is simply difficult to enforce. No one is going out with yard sticks to measure. Are smokers 10’, 20’ or 25’ feet away? Is this distance from the building entrance, windows or vents? In the case of 100% tobacco free policy, it is very clear when someone is in violation, resulting in greater enforceability.

I’ll accept this point, but the clear boundaries to a smoking zone make it just as obvious as the clear boundaries of campus. Make specific definitions and this problem would be gone.

  • Currently, there is no cross departmental collaboration for enforcement of existing policy. RHA, Residential Life, Campus Security, ASU Police, Human Resources, etc., do not work together to enforce the policy. When 100% tobacco free policy is implemented, enforcement will become a priority and as a necessary result so will collaboration among these various groups. ASU will finally start working together to enforce tobacco policy.

This is blatant misdirection. Why couldn’t enforcement be a priority now? Enforcement priority has nothing to do with this policy.

For those of you still reading this far down, I complement you on your dedication to making the right decision for the constituency you represent. Hopefully you see that secondhand smoke is the only thing that warrants action, and that smoking zones are a perfectly good way to address this without taking away a freedom that people enjoy. If a measure can be taken to implement these instead, you would have my support.

I realize that many people still feel a need to take care of those making different choices like smoking, evidenced by many of the points in the email I received, and that I might not be able to convince them otherwise solely through logic. I’ll end with a quote from Gandhi, who carries more of the moral weight that many value so highly:

“Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes. It escapes my comprehension how human beings, be they ever so experienced and able, can delight in depriving other humans of that precious right.”

If you have any questions about my position or wish to talk further, my email address is bjmorin@asu.edu. Thank you for reading.

-Ben Morin

The Obama administration has now proposed using federal contracts to favor employers with high wages and benefits. Not only will this slow the recovery from recession even further, it is a blatant attempt to decrease overall wealth to redistribute some to lower workers. I’ll tell you what- when the government has no financial problem and has some extra money laying around, then maybe it can spend a little more giving to workers (although it should be tax cuts). But how does Obama, faced with a recession and huge deficits, seriously think this is a good idea? Not to mention that it has a huge negative impact on efficiency, just like everything else they have been coming out with recently.

Robert Barro, one of my favorite economists, of Harvard in the WSJ about the effects of stimulus. This is the tradeoff that Obama and the government officials do not acknowledge- that they are essentially borrowing from our future to pay for this stimulus, but that it is not an even trade. Overall, we end up worse than we would have been just riding it out. Is such a short term improvement really worth these long term sacrifices, which have also been made every time the government borrows money? I don’t think so. If the barriers to enterprise were reduced and government cut uncertainty about economic conditions instead of increasing it by constantly proposing regulations and mandates, businesses could adjust to the new climate rather quickly. The more we try to force the economy to be what we want, the less it will be the best it can be.

PS- Steven Landsburg points out that Christy Romer is known among economists for research suggesting that the outlook is even worse than Barro’s prediction, which makes the stimulus look very unattractive. Either Obama doesn’t listen to his economic advisers (probable), she changed her statements sinced she joined a Democratic administration (also probable, see: Paul Krugman), or Obama panics in the face of public cries to do something (I hope not).

Aris Messinis/AFP/Getty Images

Greece is crippled by nationwide strikes, as reported by the WSJ. I love the picture they lead with (to right).

All art aside, though, the situation is very troubling. This is one of the consequences of rampant entitlement policies, indeed those that we are moving toward in the United States right now. Greece has a socialist government, which has gone bankrupt trying to provide services to the people which the country cannot pay for. Now, when the government is cutting benefits in the face of fiscal reality, the people are rioting. The ignorance to think that government can avoid the price for things it buys or that pooling everyone’s money together allows them to buy more than when they were on their own is ridiculous, but it mirrors the sentiments of many in the US today. If Greeks want more services, they should work and earn money to buy them. Humanity evolved fighting for survival and we have achieved this state of advancement by a constant scramble to improve and compete; how some people can ignore the proven ways to success and demand that they be taken care of by others, to me, is a dishonorable display of weakness and selfishness.

“On average 80% of our members are participating in the strike and most public offices are closed,” [Christos Papahristos, President of the civil servants union] added. “The government and the EU must understand that the crisis must be paid by the rich, not the average civil servant. We will meet in the next couple of weeks to decide our further action.”

In other words, “I want things but I am not willing to be responsible for making them happen. The people who are responsible need to take care of me.” I just don’t understand how anyone who has food to eat, a house to live in, and a job making money can say that they are in desperate need of benefits and have nothing more to give. Isn’t this the kind of whining our parents got us off when we were 5?

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